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Frequently Asked Questions

How do I plant a tree?
How do I read a grass seed label?
How much grass seed do I really need?

How do I plant a tree?

  1. Dig a hole the same depth as the root ball.
  2. Add 4"-6" of very wet peat moss in bottom of hole (do not add peat moss with PJM Rhododenrons)
  3. Place tree in hole. Allow peat moss to surround root ball. Allow root ball to sit 1"-2" above natural soil line.
  4. Back fill with regular soil 1/2 way up ball. Cut burlap from neck of tree and push down around the side (do not remove burlap). Finish back filling hole and create a crown, not a bowl.
  5. A crown will allow water to flow away from the stem and forward toward feeder roots.
  6. Fertilize with Plant-Tone or Holly-Tone. Use one handful per gallon size of container or 2 handfuls per inch caliper of stem. Scratch into soil.
  7. Soak well every 5 days if natural rainfall is less than one inch during the week.

Five Pounds Net Weight

Sun & Shade Grass Seed Mixture


Sherwood Perennial Ryegrass



Southport Chewings Fescue



Salem Creeping Red Fescue



Gettysburg Perennial Ryegrass



Washington Kentucky Bluegrass



Innert Matter



Other Crop Seed

Lot: SS-95 B


Weed Seed

Tested: Jan. 1995

Total: 100%



XYZ Grass Seed Company

How should I read a grass seed label?

If more is better, than a lot should be great! That seems to be the logic when buying grass seed. To get the best results when seeding, it might help to understand a few of the basics.

Let's take a look at a typical seed label:

First of all, what do those names mean?
They are usually proprietary varieties that were specifically bred for optimum results. With improvements in seed breeding and technology in the past 7-10 years, these new varieties are more disease and pest resistant. However, over half the lawns North America are over seven years old. Newer varieties have definite advantages.

How about germination?
The second set of numbers is the germination rate of the seed. Like anything else there are a different grades and qualities of grass seed. Watch out for this number. The higher the number the better. Why pay for seed that won't grow?

What is "other crop seed?"
The seed listed here is for the "off types" of seed that can detract from the quality of the lawn. These are usually fillers used in lower priced mixes. The lower the percentage, the better.

Why is there weed seed listed?
If there is any weed seed present it is listed by percentage of weight. While you don't want any weed seed, it is difficult and expensive to keep it out. Similarly, avoid those listing obnoxious weeds.

What exactly is "inert matter?"
Inert matter is just what it sounds like. This is substance in the box in the box or bag that is not capable of growth. Usually it is filler added to take up space. The lower the percentage, the better.

How much seed do you really need?

It depends on your application. In full sun, figure about 4-5 lbs for 1000 (M) sq. ft. for a new lawn and about 1.5 lbs/M for overseeding. In deep shade your numbers should be more like 3 lbs/M for a new lawn and 1.5 lbs/M for overseeding.
Ready to get going? Measure your area. With an understanding of the basic facts, area, conditions (soil, sun, shade) and a better understanding of how to read a seed label, you'll have greater success with your next seeding project and save time and money!